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Visualising Commodity, Consuming Visual Commodities: the Shakespearean Stage

His deciphering also led him to ascribe the plays ofChristopher Marlowe and the essays of Michel de Montaigne to Bacon. At the time of his death, he was vice presidential candidate of a splinter party, the Middle Road Populists. Irish critic, biographer, and poet, noted for his critical work on Shakespeare. His other works on Shakespeare include the primer Shakspere , which was written for a nonacademic audience, and several edited collections of sonnets.

He also provided the text to accompany the illustrations in Shakespeare Scenes and Characters Dowden is also remembered for his Life of Shelley and was among the first to appreciate Walt Whitman, becoming his good friend. Furness graduated from Harvard in and was admitted to the bar in , but he soon devoted himself to the study of Shakespeare. Having accumulated a collection of illustrative material of great richness and extent, he brought out in the first volume Romeo and Juliet of the variorum edition, designed to represent and summarize the textual, critical, and annotative conclusions of the best authorities.

Succeeding volumes appeared at regular intervals until the posthumousCymbeline in Furness was conservative in his methods but sound in his judgments, and he combined erudition with common sense and humour. English dramatist, producer, and critic whose repertoire seasons and Shakespeare criticism profoundly influenced 20th-century theatre.

Richard Dutton

Barker began his stage training at 13 years of age and first appeared on the London stage two years later. His first major play, The Marrying of Ann Leete , was produced by the society. In he became manager of the Court Theatre with J. His original productions of the early plays of George Bernard Shaw were especially important. His wife, Lillah McCarthy, played leading roles in many of the plays he produced.

Also revolutionary was his treatment of Shakespeare. He and William Archer were active in promoting a national theatre, and by Barker had every prospect of a brilliant career.

After World War I, however, during which he served with the Red Cross, he found the mood of the postwar theatre alien and contented himself with work behind the scenes, including presidency of the British Drama League. He settled in Paris with his second wife, an American, collaborating with her in translating Spanish plays and writing his five series of Prefaces to Shakespeare —48 , a contribution to Shakespearean criticism that analyzed the plays from the point of view of a practical playwright with firsthand stage experience.

He returned to Paris in A selection of his letters was published in as Granville Barker and His Correspondents. English writer best known for his humanistic essays. Lacking conscious artistry or literary pretention, his writing is noted for the brilliant intellect it reveals.

The family returned to England when William was nine, settling in Shropshire. At puberty the child became somewhat sullen and unapproachable, tendencies that persisted throughout his life. He read intensively, however, laying the foundation of his learning. Having some difficulty in expressing himself either in conversation or in writing, he turned to painting and in traveled to Paris to work in the Louvre, though war between England and France compelled his return the following year.


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His friends, who already included Charles Lamb, William Wordsworth, and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, encouraged his ambitions as a painter; yet in he turned to metaphysics and the study of philosophy that had attracted him earlier, publishing his first book, On the Principles of Human Action. Although he successfully completed several literary projects, by the end of Hazlitt was penniless.

Comedies, Romances, and Shakespeare's Heroines: Crash Course Theater #16

He then gave a course of lectures in philosophy in London and began reporting for the Morning Chronicle, quickly establishing himself as critic, journalist, and essayist. His collected dramatic criticism appeared as A View of the English Stage in He had, however, become involved in a number of quarrels, often with his friends, resulting from the forcible expression of his views in the journals.

At the same time, he made new friends and admirers among them Percy Bysshe Shelley and John Keats and consolidated his reputation as a lecturer, delivering courses On the English Poets published and On the English Comic Writers published , as well as publishing a collection of political essays. Hazlitt lived apart from his wife after the end of , and they were divorced in He fell in love with the daughter of his London landlord, but the affair ended disastrously, and Hazlitt described his suffering in the strange Liber Amoris; or, The New Pygmalion Even so, many of his best essays were written during this difficult period and were collected in his two most famous books:Table Talk and The Plain Speaker Others were afterward edited by his son, William, as Sketches and Essays , Literary Remains , and Winterslow and by his biographer, P.

Howe, as New Writings — In April Hazlitt married a widow named Bridgwater. But the new wife was resented by his son, whom Hazlitt adored, and the couple separated after three years.

Shakespeare’s stories of power do more than retell history

Part of this second marriage was spent abroad, an experience recorded in Notes of a Journey in France and Italy In France he began an ambitious but not very successful Life of Napoleon, 4 vol. His last book, Conversations of James Northcote , recorded his long friendship with that eccentric painter. Howe, in 21 volumes in — Samuel Johnson byname Dr. Johnson born Sept. English critic, biographer, essayist, poet, and lexicographer, regarded as one of the greatest figures of 18th-century life and letters.

For future generations, Johnson was synonymous with the later 18th century in England. The disparity between his circumstances and achievement gives his life its especial interest. Ben Jonson byname of Benjamin Jonson born June 11? English Stuart dramatist, lyric poet, and literary critic. He is generally regarded as the second most important English dramatist, after William Shakespeare, during the reign of James I.

George Lyman Kittredge born Feb. American literary scholar and teacher, one of the foremost authorities of his time on the writings of Shakespeare, Chaucer, and Sir Thomas Malory. As a teacher, Kittredge was both the terror and delight of undergraduate students, conducting his year-long course in Shakespeare as a painstaking, line-by-line study of six plays. He taught his graduate courses in a less dramatic and more scholarly way.

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His major writings, along with many journal articles, established him as the then preeminent U. After Kittredge received his A. He returned to teach at Harvard in and remained there until his retirement in from as the first Gurney Professor of English. As a teacher Kittredge was known for his brilliant, discursive style. He was also noted for his sharp wit and impressive personal manner. English novelist whose work, especially The Female Quixote, was much admired by leading literary figures of her time, including Samuel Johnson and the novelists Henry Fielding and Samuel Richardson.

Charlotte Ramsay was the daughter of a British army officer who was said to have been lieutenant governor of the colony of New York. This claim has been dismissed, however, in light of evidence that she went to live in or near Albany, New York, in , when her father was posted there as captain of a company of foot soldiers. She attempted to earn a living as an actress but was not successful and is said to have turned to literary work. Her Poems on Several Occasions was published in , and that same year she married Alexander Lennox. The book takes Shakespeare to task for his plot adaptations and his lack of morality.

The Female Quixote and Henrietta followed. She attempted to write for the stage as well but met with only slight success. Despite the friendship of Johnson and Richardson and the approbation of Fielding, Lennox made little from the sale of her books. She died in poverty. After practicing in Ireland as a lawyer and journalist, Malone settled in London in He also was an associate of the statesmen Edmund Burke and George Canning and of the dean of English painters, Sir Joshua Reynolds, who painted his portrait and whose literary works he collected and published His own edition of Shakespeare in 11 volumes appeared in English author of Palladis Tamia; Wits Treasury, a commonplace book valuable for information on Elizabethan poets.

Meres was educated at the University of Cambridge and became rector of Wing, Rutland, in Samuel Phelps born Feb. British actor and manager, one of the most famous actors of the 19th century. During the seventeenth century, England was beset by three epidemics of the bubonic plague, each outbreak claiming between a quarter and a third of the population of London and other urban centers.

The central issue engaged here is the negotiation in these writers between the Sidnean tradition of "ut pictura poesis" that 'sees' poetry as a "speaking picture" and the antipictorial Protestant suspicion of the eye as the "devil's doorway"--according to Luther, the portal of idolatry. The book traces the literary appropriation of the theory and practice of linear perspective in the visual arts in English writing from Shakespeare to Milton. The word "perspective" itself comes into the English Renaissance by way of the pictorial tradition and is employed both literally in relation to visual art and metaphorically as a way of seeing-- specifying an individual "perspective" that both empowers and delimits the seeing or reading subject who is accorded a unique "point of view.

Leivick—all of whom lived through, and wrote movingly of, their experience as patients in a tuberculosis sanatorium. He argues that each writer produced a significant body of work during his recovery, itself an experience that profoundly influenced the course of his subsequent literary career. Seeking to recover the "imaginary" of the sanatorium as a scene of writing by doctors and patients, Gilman explores the historical connection between tuberculosis treatment and the written word.

Through a close analysis of Yiddish poems, and translations of these writers, Gilman sheds light on how essential writing and literature were to the sanatorium experience. All three poets wrote under the shadow of death.